Ukraine has a versatile thousand-year history full rough events thanks to which the country has peculiar rich culture, traditions, national mode of life, kitchen, sights, outstanding persons and the stars of the world science which glorified Ukraine far outside its borders.
kraine is famous for hospitality and goodwill of people that are always glad to welcome guests in the cities.
Ukraine always served as a peculiar bridge between the mysterious East and the magic West.
The general information: fficial name Ukraine, Україна (Uke.), Ukraine (Eng.)
Formed: August 24, 1991
State language: Ukrainian
Monetary unit:hryvnia, UAH
Political system: presidential and parliamentary republic
Head of state:President
Head of the government:Prime minister
Area:603,6 thousand sq.km, takes the 45th place in the world
Population: 45,8 million People
Density: 75,8 persons on 1 sq.km
The largest rivers: Dnipro, Southern Bug, Dniester
Neighbouring countries: Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Dnestr Republic (unrecognized)
The extent of borders:6500 km
Coastline extent: 1050 km
The highest point: Hoverla, height is 2061 m
Time zone: UTC+2
Telephone code: +380
Language: state — Ukrainian. The most part of Eastern Ukraine and Kiev speak Russian, in western Ukraine — generally speak Ukrainian
Religion: The main religion is the Christianity (orthodox, Greco-catholic and Roman Catholic), but also the Judaism and Muslim confessions
Currency exchange: National currency — hryvnia, in one hryvnia 100 kopeks. In the course of the banknote of 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 hryvnia. Coins of 2,1 hryvnia, 50, 25, 10, 5, 2, 1 kopek. Currency exchange can be made at the airport, banks, numerous exchange offices. In the markets and in private shops for payment, both rubles, and US dollars are freely accepted. In a southwest part of the country and in the Western Ukraine exchange of rubles is complicated and can be made only in banks.
Holidays and the days off:
On January 1 — New year
On January 7 — Christmas
On March 8 — the International Women's Day
On May 1 — the International Workers' Day
On May 9 — the Victory Day
On June 28 — Day of adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine
On August 24 — the Independence Day
On October 14 — Day of the defender of Ukraine
On December 25 — Christmas, Catholic
These days in Ukraine non-working. Days on which Easter and the Trinity fall are also non-working.
Ukraine became the homeland not only for ethnic Ukrainians today. The Ukrainian land became native for Russians and Belarusians, the Crimean Tatars and Poles, Hungarians and Jews, Greeks, Bulgarians and representatives of many other nationalities. The biggest cities of Ukraine — Kiev, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Odessa, Donetsk, Lviv. Four of them: Kiev, Kharkiv, Donetsk and Lviv — hosted the football championship of Euro 2012 at the local stadiums. In the city of Kiev there passed the final of Champions League 2018.
Ukraine has the biggest territory among all the countries situated entirely in Europe. The relief of the country is very different. Climate — moderate and continental, and on the southern coast of the Crimea — subtropical. The average temperature in January —-5ºС, July — +20 °C.